What are room temperature superconductors? Here’s what you need to know

About a week, three South Korean scientists claimed they have discovered a room-temperature ambient-pressure superconductor, a material that can conduct electricity perfectly under everyday conditions. The said discovering is made by Sukbae Lee, Ji-Hoon Kim, and Young-Wan Kwon.

But many other scientists doubt the trio’s claim. Could it be that those ‘unconvinced’ scientists doubted the possibility of discovering room temperature superconductors (RTS) and believed that making a breakthrough any time soon was unlikely?

Meanwhile, since the news made waves, people all over the world search to know what at all the Korean scientists claimed to have discovered. In this article, however, we explained into detail what the material are. So, if you actually want to know about the new scientific discovery, then continue reading.

So, RTS are what actually?

RTS are materials that can conduct electricity with zero resistance at or near room temperature. This means that there is no energy loss when electricity flows through the material, which could lead to a number of revolutionary applications in technology.

In recent years, there has been a lot of research into finding materials that can super-conduct at room temperature.

How do they work?

Superconductivity is a phenomenon that occurs in certain materials when they are cooled to very low temperatures. When a material becomes superconducting, its electrical resistance drops to zero. This means that electrons can flow through the material without any hindrance, leading to zero energy loss.

The first superconductors were discovered in the early 20th century. They were made of metals such as lead and mercury and required to be cooled to very low temperatures, typically below -200 degrees Celsius. In the 1980s, a new type of superconductor was discovered that could operate at much higher temperatures, up to -130 degrees Celsius. These materials were made of copper oxide compounds and were known as high-temperature superconductors.

What are the potential applications of the material?

If scientist can make the material to work reliably, they could have a major impact on technology. They could be used to create:

  • More efficient power lines
  • Smaller and faster computers
  • More powerful magnets
  • New medical devices
  • New ways to generate and store energy

The development of room temperature superconductors is a major scientific breakthrough that could have a profound impact on the world. However, scientists need to do more research to confirm the validity of the latest claims, and to develop these materials for real-world applications.

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